Climate change and water ways

Read how climate change impacts inland water climate velocity, glacier retreat and glacial lake growth, waterbird abundances, and how sea-level rise impacts coastal intrusion.  

Latest Research

  • Article |

    Spring phenology is influenced by chilling, forcing and photoperiod cues; the phenological response to warming from anthropogenic climate change may be slowed by chilling or photoperiod. Plant species respond to all cues in experiments but under environmental conditions, forcing predominates.

    • A. K. Ettinger
    • , C. J. Chamberlain
    • , I. Morales-Castilla
    • , D. M. Buonaiuto
    • , D. F. B. Flynn
    • , T. Savas
    • , J. A. Samaha
    •  & E. M. Wolkovich
  • Article |

    The biological pump sequesters carbon to the deep ocean. Ocean acidification, through impacts on plankton and food-web structure, is shown to alter the carbon-to-nitrogen ratio of organic material export, with heterotrophic processes playing a key role.

    • Jan Taucher
    • , Tim Boxhammer
    • , Lennart T. Bach
    • , Allanah J. Paul
    • , Markus Schartau
    • , Paul Stange
    •  & Ulf Riebesell
  • Article |

    Carbon emissions from fires are generally modelled and predicted from fire weather and climate. Fuel availability drives carbon emissions more strongly than fire weather in boreal forests, highlighting the importance of ecological dynamics for fire–climate feedbacks.

    • X. J. Walker
    • , B. M. Rogers
    • , S. Veraverbeke
    • , J. F. Johnstone
    • , J. L. Baltzer
    • , K. Barrett
    • , L. Bourgeau-Chavez
    • , N. J. Day
    • , W. J. de Groot
    • , C. M. Dieleman
    • , S. Goetz
    • , E. Hoy
    • , L. K. Jenkins
    • , E. S. Kane
    • , M.-A. Parisien
    • , S. Potter
    • , E. A. G. Schuur
    • , M. Turetsky
    • , E. Whitman
    •  & M. C. Mack
  • Article |

    Mass field testing of heat tolerance in 1,973 cultivars of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) from 50 countries identifies tolerant cultivars and reveals tolerance-predictive traits for breeding consideration. The work highlights the role of intraspecific diversity for future crop resilience.

    • Bettina Heider
    • , Quentin Struelens
    • , Émile Faye
    • , Carlos Flores
    • , José E. Palacios
    • , Raul Eyzaguirre
    • , Stef de Haan
    •  & Olivier Dangles
  • Article |

    Dust deposition in high-mountain Asia lowers snow albedo and hastens melt. Satellite data and models show that dust arrives via transport in elevated aerosol layers and outweighs black carbon impacts at high altitudes, suggesting a growing importance of dust on snowmelt as snowlines rise with warming.

    • Chandan Sarangi
    • , Yun Qian
    • , Karl Rittger
    • , L. Ruby Leung
    • , Duli Chand
    • , Kat J. Bormann
    •  & Thomas H. Painter

News & Comment

  • News & Views |

    Increasing fire frequency and severity may shift boreal forests from carbon sinks to carbon sources and amplify climate warming. Analysis indicates that fuel characteristics are important drivers of wildfire carbon emissions across a broad range of North America’s boreal forest.

    • Rachel A. Loehman
  • News & Views |

    Agricultural systems are vulnerable to climate change, and global reservoirs of plant genetic diversity are proving to be a valuable means of crop adaptation. A study now shows that production of sweet potato is at risk from extreme heat events, but a few tolerant cultivars can still thrive and potentially provide climate resilience.

    • Samuel Pironon
    •  & Marybel Soto Gomez
  • News & Views |

    Dust and black carbon deposition in high-mountain Asia darkens snow and ice, increases sunlight absorption and causes melt — a reinforcing feedback. Now research shows the increasing importance of dust over black carbon at higher altitude, and the sensitivity of aerosol transport and delivery to Arctic sea-ice melt.

    • Biagio Di Mauro
  • News & Views |

    Winter conditions have typically been downplayed or oversimplified in past estimations of terrestrial Arctic vegetation shifts in relation to climate change. A study now demonstrates the importance of fine-scale variation in winter temperature in explaining the composition and diversity of Arctic plant communities.

    • Anne D. Bjorkman
    •  & Elise C. Gallois
  • News & Views |

    While large-scale climate-associated changes are becoming increasingly visible, our understanding of changes in the microbial world remains limited. Now a study takes advantage of a tropical microecosystem to disentangle the direct and indirect impacts of increased temperatures on the microbiomes of animals.

    • Obed Hernández-Gómez

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