Browse Articles

  • Article |

    Only about 15% of water cycle diagrams include human interaction with water, although human freshwater appropriation amounts to about half of global river discharge, according to an analysis of 464 water cycle diagrams and a synthesis of the global water cycle.

    • Benjamin W. Abbott
    • , Kevin Bishop
    • , Jay P. Zarnetske
    • , Camille Minaudo
    • , F. S. Chapin III
    • , Stefan Krause
    • , David M. Hannah
    • , Lafe Conner
    • , David Ellison
    • , Sarah E. Godsey
    • , Stephen Plont
    • , Jean Marçais
    • , Tamara Kolbe
    • , Amanda Huebner
    • , Rebecca J. Frei
    • , Tyler Hampton
    • , Sen Gu
    • , Madeline Buhman
    • , Sayedeh Sara Sayedi
    • , Ovidiu Ursache
    • , Melissa Chapin
    • , Kathryn D. Henderson
    •  & Gilles Pinay
  • Article |

    Ahuna Mons dome on Ceres formed by extrusion of a mixture of brine and solids sourced from a muddy mantle plume, according to numerical modelling of slurry rheology and a gravity anomaly found by the Dawn mission.

    • Ottaviano Ruesch
    • , Antonio Genova
    • , Wladimir Neumann
    • , Lynnae C. Quick
    • , Julie C. Castillo-Rogez
    • , Carol A. Raymond
    • , Christopher T. Russell
    •  & Maria T. Zuber
  • Article |

    Mesosiderite meteorites may originate from a hit-and-run impact on the parent asteroid of eucrite meteorites (probably Vesta), as mesosiderite zircon U–Pb ages are found to coincide with those for eucrites.

    • Makiko K. Haba
    • , Jörn-Frederik Wotzlaw
    • , Yi-Jen Lai
    • , Akira Yamaguchi
    •  & Maria Schönbächler
  • Editorial |

    Between submission of your paper and its publication stands the peer-review process. Responding to reviewer comments effectively will help to make this stage an edifying rather than painful experience.

  • Article |

    Banded iron formations could not have formed by postdepositional oxidation, according to four million hydrogeological box model iterations that failed to reproduce secondary oxidation on reasonable timescales.

    • Leslie J. Robbins
    • , Sean P. Funk
    • , Shannon L. Flynn
    • , Tyler J. Warchola
    • , Zhiquan Li
    • , Stefan V. Lalonde
    • , Benjamin J. Rostron
    • , Albertus J. B. Smith
    • , Nicolas J. Beukes
    • , Michiel O. de Kock
    • , Larry M. Heaman
    • , Daniel S. Alessi
    •  & Kurt O. Konhauser
  • Article |

    The boundary between West and East Antarctica is a tectonic feature that bisects the Ross Ice Shelf. This boundary constrains ocean circulation under the ice, which affects ice stability, according to airborne survey data and ocean simulations.

    • K. J. Tinto
    • , L. Padman
    • , C. S. Siddoway
    • , S. R. Springer
    • , H. A. Fricker
    • , I. Das
    • , F. Caratori Tontini
    • , D. F. Porter
    • , N. P. Frearson
    • , S. L. Howard
    • , M. R. Siegfried
    • , C. Mosbeux
    • , M. K. Becker
    • , C. Bertinato
    • , A. Boghosian
    • , N. Brady
    • , B. L. Burton
    • , W. Chu
    • , S. I. Cordero
    • , T. Dhakal
    • , L. Dong
    • , C. D. Gustafson
    • , S. Keeshin
    • , C. Locke
    • , A. Lockett
    • , G. O’Brien
    • , J. J. Spergel
    • , S. E. Starke
    • , M. Tankersley
    • , M. G. Wearing
    •  & R. E. Bell
  • Article |

    Melts from diverse mantle components are delivered to the lower oceanic crust and preserved at centimetre scale, according to the wide range in the Nd and Sr isotope composition of gabbroic minerals from a segment of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.

    • Sarah Lambart
    • , Janne M. Koornneef
    • , Marc-Alban Millet
    • , Gareth R. Davies
    • , Matthew Cook
    •  & C. Johan Lissenberg
  • Article |

    Pluto’s subsurface ocean and thickness variation in its ice shell may be maintained by a layer of methane clathrates forming an insulating cap to the ocean, according to calculations of thermal evolution and viscous relaxation.

    • Shunichi Kamata
    • , Francis Nimmo
    • , Yasuhito Sekine
    • , Kiyoshi Kuramoto
    • , Naoki Noguchi
    • , Jun Kimura
    •  & Atsushi Tani
  • Article |

    Biologically available nitrogen in the form of ammonium was abundant in the Late Archaean ocean, according to nitrogen isotope and proxy analyses on 2.7 billion year old shales from Zimbabwe.

    • J. Yang
    • , C. K. Junium
    • , N. V. Grassineau
    • , E. G. Nisbet
    • , G. Izon
    • , C. Mettam
    • , A. Martin
    •  & A. L. Zerkle
  • Article |

    Shallow moonquakes detected at four Apollo landing sites between 1969 and 1977 occurred during maximum stress and in close proximity to young faults, suggesting that the Moon is tectonically active, according to reanalyses of the seismic data and tidal force modelling.

    • Thomas R. Watters
    • , Renee C. Weber
    • , Geoffrey C. Collins
    • , Ian J. Howley
    • , Nicholas C. Schmerr
    •  & Catherine L. Johnson
  • Article |

    An internal redox see-saw between the Panthalassa Basin and the proto-North Atlantic can explain cyclic changes in the sediment record throughout the Cretaceous Thermal Maximum 97 to 91 million years ago, according to simulations with a numerical ocean model.

    • Klaus Wallmann
    • , Sascha Flögel
    • , Florian Scholz
    • , Andrew W. Dale
    • , Tronje P. Kemena
    • , Sebastian Steinig
    •  & Wolfgang Kuhnt
  • Article |

    Compared to the past few centuries, Central Pacific El Niño events have become more frequent, whereas the number of Eastern Pacific events has declined in the most recent decades, according to reconstructions from a network of seasonally resolved coral records.

    • Mandy B. Freund
    • , Benjamin J. Henley
    • , David J. Karoly
    • , Helen V. McGregor
    • , Nerilie J. Abram
    •  & Dietmar Dommenget
  • Article |

    Fluctuations in early Cambrian biodiversity of animals coincided with extreme oscillations in atmospheric and shallow-ocean oxygenation, according to analyses of carbon and sulfur isotopes in Cambrian-age marine carbonates.

    • Tianchen He
    • , Maoyan Zhu
    • , Benjamin J. W. Mills
    • , Peter M. Wynn
    • , Andrey Yu. Zhuravlev
    • , Rosalie Tostevin
    • , Philip A. E. Pogge von Strandmann
    • , Aihua Yang
    • , Simon W. Poulton
    •  & Graham A. Shields
  • Editorial |

    Geohazards can be too dangerous to study directly but too deadly to ignore. For these types of events, data from physical experiments can plug gaps in both hazard models and understanding.

  • Article |

    Moon formation by a giant impact ejecting material from a magma ocean on Earth reconciles geochemical and dynamical constraints on its formation, according to numerical simulations.

    • Natsuki Hosono
    • , Shun-ichiro Karato
    • , Junichiro Makino
    •  & Takayuki R. Saitoh
  • News & Views |

    The Toarcian oceanic anoxic event disrupted terrestrial ecosystems as well as the marine realm, according to analyses of microfossils derived from land plants. Changes in diversity and composition were initially more rapid in terrestrial ecosystems.

    • Luke Mander
    •  & Jennifer C. McElwain
  • News & Views |

    The Moon’s isotopic composition is uncannily similar to Earth’s. This may be the signature of a magma ocean on Earth at the time of the Moon-forming giant impact, according to numerical simulations.

    • H. Jay Melosh
  • News & Views |

    Nitrogen deposition in China has stabilized over the past decade, thanks to efficient regulation of fertilizer use, suggests an analysis of wet and dry deposition.

    • Maria Kanakidou
  • Article |

    Organic aerosols that sediment from Titan’s atmosphere may float, form a film and damp waves on Titan’s seas, according to computations. This damping effect could explain the observed smoothness of Titan’s seas.

    • Daniel Cordier
    •  & Nathalie Carrasco
  • News & Views |

    Flotation of aerosols as a film on the hydrocarbon lakes of Saturn’s moon Titan may explain the lakes’ stillness, and could influence the atmospheric hydrocarbon cycle.

    • Isabelle Couturier-Tamburelli
  • Article |

    Nitrogen deposition in China has been almost constant over the past decade, as decreasing wet deposition has balanced increasing dry deposition, according to analyses of extensive datasets on wet and dry nitrogen depositions in China.

    • Guirui Yu
    • , Yanlong Jia
    • , Nianpeng He
    • , Jianxing Zhu
    • , Zhi Chen
    • , Qiufeng Wang
    • , Shilong Piao
    • , Xuejun Liu
    • , Honglin He
    • , Xuebing Guo
    • , Zhang Wen
    • , Pan Li
    • , Guoan Ding
    •  & Keith Goulding
  • Article |

    Microplastics can reach and affect regions far from where they are released because of atmospheric transport, suggest analyses of atmospheric deposition in a remote, pristine mountain catchment in France.

    • Steve Allen
    • , Deonie Allen
    • , Vernon R. Phoenix
    • , Gaël Le Roux
    • , Pilar Durántez Jiménez
    • , Anaëlle Simonneau
    • , Stéphane Binet
    •  & Didier Galop
  • News & Views |

    Pyroclastic density currents generate a basal air cushion that reduces friction with the ground, reveal laboratory experiments. This explains their ability to travel rapidly over large distances from their volcanic source.

    • Alain Burgisser
  • Article |

    Deep Atlantic carbon storage increased and the meriodional overturning circulation weakened at the mid-Pleistocene transition to 100,000-year glacial–interglacial cycles, according to analyses of foraminifera trace elements and Nd isotopes.

    • J. R. Farmer
    • , B. Hönisch
    • , L. L. Haynes
    • , D. Kroon
    • , S. Jung
    • , H. L. Ford
    • , M. E. Raymo
    • , M. Jaume-Seguí
    • , D. B. Bell
    • , S. L. Goldstein
    • , L. D. Pena
    • , M. Yehudai
    •  & J. Kim
  • Article |

    Long-period Milankovitch eccentricity oscillations controlled compositional variations in the 2.48-billion-year-old Kuruman Banded Iron Formation, according to cyclostratigraphic analysis and high-precision dating.

    • Margriet L. Lantink
    • , Joshua H. F. L. Davies
    • , Paul R. D. Mason
    • , Urs Schaltegger
    •  & Frederik J. Hilgen
  • Article |

    Pyroclastic density currents are able to travel large distances because they generate their own air lubrication, according to large-scale laboratory experiments.

    • Gert Lube
    • , Eric C. P. Breard
    • , Jim Jones
    • , Luke Fullard
    • , Josef Dufek
    • , Shane J. Cronin
    •  & Ting Wang
  • Publisher Correction |

    • K. J. Walsh
    • , E. R. Jawin
    • , R.-L. Ballouz
    • , O. S. Barnouin
    • , E. B. Bierhaus
    • , H. C. Connolly Jr
    • , J. L. Molaro
    • , T. J. McCoy
    • , M. Delbo’
    • , C. M. Hartzell
    • , M. Pajola
    • , S. R. Schwartz
    • , D. Trang
    • , E. Asphaug
    • , K. J. Becker
    • , C. B. Beddingfield
    • , C. A. Bennett
    • , W. F. Bottke
    • , K. N. Burke
    • , B. C. Clark
    • , M. G. Daly
    • , D. N. DellaGiustina
    • , J. P. Dworkin
    • , C. M. Elder
    • , D. R. Golish
    • , A. R. Hildebrand
    • , R. Malhotra
    • , J. Marshall
    • , P. Michel
    • , M. C. Nolan
    • , M. E. Perry
    • , B. Rizk
    • , A. Ryan
    • , S. A. Sandford
    • , D. J. Scheeres
    • , H. C. M. Susorney
    • , F. Thuillet
    • , D. S. Lauretta
    • , D. E. Highsmith
    • , J. Small
    • , D. Vokrouhlický
    • , N. E. Bowles
    • , E. Brown
    • , K. L. Donaldson Hanna
    • , T. Warren
    • , C. Brunet
    • , R. A. Chicoine
    • , S. Desjardins
    • , D. Gaudreau
    • , T. Haltigin
    • , S. Millington-Veloza
    • , A. Rubi
    • , J. Aponte
    • , N. Gorius
    • , A. Lunsford
    • , B. Allen
    • , J. Grindlay
    • , D. Guevel
    • , D. Hoak
    • , J. Hong
    • , D. L. Schrader
    • , J. Bayron
    • , O. Golubov
    • , P. Sánchez
    • , J. Stromberg
    • , M. Hirabayashi
    • , C. M. Hartzell
    • , S. Oliver
    • , M. Rascon
    • , A. Harch
    • , J. Joseph
    • , S. Squyres
    • , D. Richardson
    • , J. P. Emery
    • , L. McGraw
    • , R. Ghent
    • , R. P. Binzel
    • , M. M. Al Asad
    • , C. L. Johnson
    • , L. Philpott
    • , H. C. M. Susorney
    • , E. A. Cloutis
    • , R. D. Hanna
    • , H. C. Connolly Jr.
    • , F. Ciceri
    • , A. R. Hildebrand
    • , E.-M. Ibrahim
    • , L. Breitenfeld
    • , T. Glotch
    • , A. D. Rogers
    • , B. E. Clark
    • , S. Ferrone
    • , C. A. Thomas
    • , H. Campins
    • , Y. Fernandez
    • , W. Chang
    • , A. Cheuvront
    • , D. Trang
    • , S. Tachibana
    • , H. Yurimoto
    • , J. R. Brucato
    • , G. Poggiali
    • , M. Pajola
    • , E. Dotto
    • , E. Mazzotta Epifani
    • , M. K. Crombie
    • , C. Lantz
    • , M. R. M. Izawa
    • , J. de Leon
    • , J. Licandro
    • , J. L. Rizos Garcia
    • , S. Clemett
    • , K. Thomas-Keprta
    • , S. Van wal
    • , M. Yoshikawa
    • , J. Bellerose
    • , S. Bhaskaran
    • , C. Boyles
    • , S. R. Chesley
    • , C. M. Elder
    • , D. Farnocchia
    • , A. Harbison
    • , B. Kennedy
    • , A. Knight
    • , N. Martinez-Vlasoff
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    • , T. McElrath
    • , W. Owen
    • , R. Park
    • , B. Rush
    • , L. Swanson
    • , Y. Takahashi
    • , D. Velez
    • , K. Yetter
    • , C. Thayer
    • , C. Adam
    • , P. Antreasian
    • , J. Bauman
    • , C. Bryan
    • , B. Carcich
    • , M. Corvin
    • , J. Geeraert
    • , J. Hoffman
    • , J. M. Leonard
    • , E. Lessac-Chenen
    • , A. Levine
    • , J. McAdams
    • , L. McCarthy
    • , D. Nelson
    • , B. Page
    • , J. Pelgrift
    • , E. Sahr
    • , K. Stakkestad
    • , D. Stanbridge
    • , D. Wibben
    • , B. Williams
    • , K. Williams
    • , P. Wolff
    • , P. Hayne
    • , D. Kubitschek
    • , M. A. Barucci
    • , J. D. P. Deshapriya
    • , S. Fornasier
    • , M. Fulchignoni
    • , P. Hasselmann
    • , F. Merlin
    • , A. Praet
    • , E. B. Bierhaus
    • , O. Billett
    • , A. Boggs
    • , B. Buck
    • , S. Carlson-Kelly
    • , J. Cerna
    • , K. Chaffin
    • , E. Church
    • , M. Coltrin
    • , J. Daly
    • , A. Deguzman
    • , R. Dubisher
    • , D. Eckart
    • , D. Ellis
    • , P. Falkenstern
    • , A. Fisher
    • , M. E. Fisher
    • , P. Fleming
    • , K. Fortney
    • , S. Francis
    • , S. Freund
    • , S. Gonzales
    • , P. Haas
    • , A. Hasten
    • , D. Hauf
    • , A. Hilbert
    • , D. Howell
    • , F. Jaen
    • , N. Jayakody
    • , M. Jenkins
    • , K. Johnson
    • , M. Lefevre
    • , H. Ma
    • , C. Mario
    • , K. Martin
    • , C. May
    • , M. McGee
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    • , C. Miller
    • , G. Miller
    • , A. Mirfakhrai
    • , E. Muhle
    • , C. Norman
    • , R. Olds
    • , C. Parish
    • , M. Ryle
    • , M. Schmitzer
    • , P. Sherman
    • , M. Skeen
    • , M. Susak
    • , B. Sutter
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    • , C. Welch
    • , R. Witherspoon
    • , J. Wood
    • , J. Zareski
    • , M. Arvizu-Jakubicki
    • , E. Asphaug
    • , E. Audi
    • , R.-L. Ballouz
    • , R. Bandrowski
    • , K. J. Becker
    • , T. L. Becker
    • , S. Bendall
    • , C. A. Bennett
    • , H. Bloomenthal
    • , D. Blum
    • , W. V. Boynton
    • , J. Brodbeck
    • , K. N. Burke
    • , M. Chojnacki
    • , A. Colpo
    • , J. Contreras
    • , J. Cutts
    • , C. Y. Drouet d’Aubigny
    • , D. Dean
    • , D. N. DellaGiustina
    • , B. Diallo
    • , D. Drinnon
    • , K. Drozd
    • , H. L. Enos
    • , R. Enos
    • , C. Fellows
    • , T. Ferro
    • , M. R. Fisher
    • , G. Fitzgibbon
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    • , I. Galinsky
    • , R. Garcia
    • , A. Gardner
    • , D. R. Golish
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    • , K. Hanley
    • , K. Harshman
    • , C. W. Hergenrother
    • , K. Herzog
    • , D. Hill
    • , C. Hoekenga
    • , S. Hooven
    • , E. S. Howell
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    • , T. R. Kareta
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    • , S. S. Balram-Knutson
    • , L. Koelbel
    • , J. Kreiner
    • , D. Lambert
    • , D. S. Lauretta
    • , C. Lewin
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    • , M. Loveridge
    • , M. Lujan
    • , C. K. Maleszewski
    • , R. Malhotra
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    • , E. McDonough
    • , N. Mogk
    • , V. Morrison
    • , E. Morton
    • , R. Munoz
    • , J. Nelson
    • , M. C. Nolan
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    • , R. Pennington
    • , A. Polit
    • , N. Ramos
    • , V. Reddy
    • , M. Riehl
    • , B. Rizk
    • , H. L. Roper
    • , S. Salazar
    • , S. R. Schwartz
    • , S. Selznick
    • , N. Shultz
    • , P. H. Smith
    • , S. Stewart
    • , S. Sutton
    • , T. Swindle
    • , Y. H. Tang
    • , M. Westermann
    • , C. W. V. Wolner
    • , D. Worden
    • , T. Zega
    • , Z. Zeszut
    • , A. Bjurstrom
    • , L. Bloomquist
    • , C. Dickinson
    • , E. Keates
    • , J. Liang
    • , V. Nifo
    • , A. Taylor
    • , F. Teti
    • , M. Caplinger
    • , H. Bowles
    • , S. Carter
    • , S. Dickenshied
    • , D. Doerres
    • , T. Fisher
    • , W. Hagee
    • , J. Hill
    • , M. Miner
    • , D. Noss
    • , N. Piacentine
    • , M. Smith
    • , A. Toland
    • , P. Wren
    • , M. Bernacki
    • , D. Pino Munoz
    • , S.-i. Watanabe
    • , S. A. Sandford
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    • , B. Ashman
    • , M. Barker
    • , A. Bartels
    • , K. Berry
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    • , R. Burns
    • , A. Calloway
    • , R. Carpenter
    • , N. Castro
    • , R. Cosentino
    • , J. Donaldson
    • , J. P. Dworkin
    • , J. Elsila Cook
    • , C. Emr
    • , D. Everett
    • , D. Fennell
    • , K. Fleshman
    • , D. Folta
    • , D. Gallagher
    • , J. Garvin
    • , K. Getzandanner
    • , D. Glavin
    • , S. Hull
    • , K. Hyde
    • , H. Ido
    • , A. Ingegneri
    • , N. Jones
    • , P. Kaotira
    • , L. F. Lim
    • , A. Liounis
    • , C. Lorentson
    • , D. Lorenz
    • , J. Lyzhoft
    • , E. M. Mazarico
    • , R. Mink
    • , W. Moore
    • , M. Moreau
    • , S. Mullen
    • , J. Nagy
    • , G. Neumann
    • , J. Nuth
    • , D. Poland
    • , D. C. Reuter
    • , L. Rhoads
    • , S. Rieger
    • , D. Rowlands
    • , D. Sallitt
    • , A. Scroggins
    • , G. Shaw
    • , A. A. Simon
    • , J. Swenson
    • , P. Vasudeva
    • , M. Wasser
    • , R. Zellar
    • , J. Grossman
    • , G. Johnston
    • , M. Morris
    • , J. Wendel
    • , A. Burton
    • , L. P. Keller
    • , L. McNamara
    • , S. Messenger
    • , K. Nakamura-Messenger
    • , A. Nguyen
    • , K. Righter
    • , E. Queen
    • , K. Bellamy
    • , K. Dill
    • , S. Gardner
    • , M. Giuntini
    • , B. Key
    • , J. Kissell
    • , D. Patterson
    • , D. Vaughan
    • , B. Wright
    • , R. W. Gaskell
    • , L. Le Corre
    • , J.-Y. Li
    • , J. L. Molaro
    • , E. E. Palmer
    • , M. A. Siegler
    • , P. Tricarico
    • , J. R. Weirich
    • , X.-D. Zou
    • , T. Ireland
    • , K. Tait
    • , P. Bland
    • , S. Anwar
    • , N. Bojorquez-Murphy
    • , P. R. Christensen
    • , C. W. Haberle
    • , G. Mehall
    • , K. Rios
    • , I. Franchi
    • , B. Rozitis
    • , C. B. Beddingfield
    • , J. Marshall
    • , D. N. Brack
    • , A. S. French
    • , J. W. McMahon
    • , D. J. Scheeres
    • , E. R. Jawin
    • , T. J. McCoy
    • , S. Russell
    • , M. Killgore
    • , W. F. Bottke
    • , V. E. Hamilton
    • , H. H. Kaplan
    • , K. J. Walsh
    • , J. L. Bandfield
    • , B. C. Clark
    • , M. Chodas
    • , M. Lambert
    • , R. A. Masterson
    • , M. G. Daly
    • , J. Freemantle
    • , J. A. Seabrook
    • , O. S. Barnouin
    • , K. Craft
    • , R. T. Daly
    • , C. Ernst
    • , R. C. Espiritu
    • , M. Holdridge
    • , M. Jones
    • , A. H. Nair
    • , L. Nguyen
    • , J. Peachey
    • , M. E. Perry
    • , J. Plescia
    • , J. H. Roberts
    • , R. Steele
    • , R. Turner
    • , J. Backer
    • , K. Edmundson
    • , J. Mapel
    • , M. Milazzo
    • , S. Sides
    • , C. Manzoni
    • , B. May
    • , M. Delbó
    • , G. Libourel
    • , P. Michel
    • , A. Ryan
    • , F. Thuillet
    •  & B. Marty
  • Article |

    A methane spike 15.5 ± 2.5 parts per billion by volume was detected in the Martian atmosphere above Gale Crater on 16 June 2013 by Mars Express, independently confirming the debated in situ observation by the Curiosity rover a day earlier.

    • Marco Giuranna
    • , Sébastien Viscardy
    • , Frank Daerden
    • , Lori Neary
    • , Giuseppe Etiope
    • , Dorothy Oehler
    • , Vittorio Formisano
    • , Alessandro Aronica
    • , Paulina Wolkenberg
    • , Shohei Aoki
    • , Alejandro Cardesín-Moinelo
    • , Julia Marín-Yaseli de la Parra
    • , Donald Merritt
    •  & Marilena Amoroso
  • Editorial |

    Near-Earth asteroid Bennu is one of a range of bodies in the Solar System to have been reached by space missions in the past months. Crowd-sourcing technologies can help with the exploration of its surface.

  • Correspondence |

    • Weiren Wu
    • , Chunlai Li
    • , Wei Zuo
    • , Hongbo Zhang
    • , Jianjun Liu
    • , Weibin Wen
    • , Yan Su
    • , Xin Ren
    • , Jun Yan
    • , Dengyun Yu
    • , Guangliang Dong
    • , Chi Wang
    • , Zezhou Sun
    • , Enhai Liu
    • , Jianfeng Yang
    •  & Ziyuan Ouyang