Browse Articles

  • Article |

    Earth’s oldest known felsic rocks formed by partial melting at low pressures and high temperatures caused by impact melting of mafic Hadean crust, according to phase equilibria and trace element modelling.

    • Tim E. Johnson
    • , Nicholas J. Gardiner
    • , Katarina Miljković
    • , Christopher J. Spencer
    • , Christopher L. Kirkland
    • , Phil A. Bland
    •  & Hugh Smithies
  • Review Article |

    Robust evidence for a previously proposed sea-level fall and rise during the Last Interglacial is lacking, according to a synthesis. This calls estimates of high rates of sea-level rise at the end of the Last Interglacial into question.

    • Natasha L. M. Barlow
    • , Erin L. McClymont
    • , Pippa L. Whitehouse
    • , Chris R. Stokes
    • , Stewart S. R. Jamieson
    • , Sarah A. Woodroffe
    • , Michael J. Bentley
    • , S. Louise Callard
    • , Colm Ó Cofaigh
    • , David J. A. Evans
    • , Jennifer R. Horrocks
    • , Jerry M. Lloyd
    • , Antony J. Long
    • , Martin Margold
    • , David H. Roberts
    •  & Maria L. Sanchez-Montes
  • Article |

    Experiments suggest that magnetite precipitation on early Mars was accompanied by the release of H2 that may have helped to warm the planet and stabilize liquid water at the Martian surface.

    • Nicholas J. Tosca
    • , Imad A. M. Ahmed
    • , Benjamin M. Tutolo
    • , Alice Ashpitel
    •  & Joel A. Hurowitz
  • Article |

    The redox state of volcanic gases and melts can become decoupled during magma ascent, according to observations of gas emissions from Kīlauea’s lava lake, Hawaii. Cooling of fast-rising bubbles changes the abundance of redox-sensitive gas species.

    • Clive Oppenheimer
    • , Bruno Scaillet
    • , Andrew Woods
    • , A. Jeff Sutton
    • , Tamar Elias
    •  & Yves Moussallam
  • Editorial |

    Earth’s resources may not be running out, but the planet’s capacity to cope with the resulting waste products is limited. Resource geology can no longer be the preserve of the economic, mining or petroleum geologist; sustainably providing for the world’s population requires a broader skillset.

  • News & Views |

    Strong anisotropy within the source region of deep earthquakes explains their apparent non-pure shear faulting mechanism.

    • Barbara Romanowicz
  • Article |

    The amount of nitrate in the surface of the Southern Ocean has increased during the Holocene, weakening the biological pump and potentially contributing to the rise in atmospheric CO2 concentrations.

    • Anja S. Studer
    • , Daniel M. Sigman
    • , Alfredo Martínez-García
    • , Lena M. Thöle
    • , Elisabeth Michel
    • , Samuel L. Jaccard
    • , Jörg A. Lippold
    • , Alain Mazaud
    • , Xingchen T. Wang
    • , Laura F. Robinson
    • , Jess F. Adkins
    •  & Gerald H. Haug
  • Article |

    Mean annual temperatures in the mid-latitudes were between 23 and 29 °C during the early Palaeogene, a peat-based temperature record suggests.

    • B. D. A. Naafs
    • , M. Rohrssen
    • , G. N. Inglis
    • , O. Lähteenoja
    • , S. J. Feakins
    • , M. E. Collinson
    • , E. M. Kennedy
    • , P. K. Singh
    • , M. P. Singh
    • , D. J. Lunt
    •  & R. D. Pancost
  • News & Views |

    Rainfall interception by vegetation is an underappreciated part of the terrestrial hydrological cycle. Numerical modelling shows that non-vascular plants, such as lichens, substantially increase the interception capacity of the land surface.

    • Hubert H. G. Savenije
  • Article |

    Microbial life colonized the land surface by 3.2 billion years ago, forming complex communities distinct from those in nearby marine environments, according to analyses of fossilized microbial mats in the Moodies Group, South Africa.

    • Martin Homann
    • , Pierre Sansjofre
    • , Mark Van Zuilen
    • , Christoph Heubeck
    • , Jian Gong
    • , Bryan Killingsworth
    • , Ian S. Foster
    • , Alessandro Airo
    • , Martin J. Van Kranendonk
    • , Magali Ader
    •  & Stefan V. Lalonde
  • Article |

    The strength of the Southern Hemisphere westerly winds varied throughout the Holocene, according to a reconstruction from lake sediments, with periods of stronger winds coincident with higher atmospheric CO2 levels.

    • Krystyna M. Saunders
    • , Stephen J. Roberts
    • , Bianca Perren
    • , Christoph Butz
    • , Louise Sime
    • , Sarah Davies
    • , Wim Van Nieuwenhuyze
    • , Martin Grosjean
    •  & Dominic A. Hodgson
  • Article |

    The isotopic composition of sulfur minerals formed during the Archaean can be reconstructed from dissolved sulfur in rivers draining cratons. Analyses from Canada suggest that the Archaean sulfur cycle was in isotopic mass balance.

    • Mark A. Torres
    • , Guillaume Paris
    • , Jess F. Adkins
    •  & Woodward W. Fischer
  • Author Correction |

    • Hubertus Fischer
    • , Katrin J. Meissner
    • , Alan C. Mix
    • , Nerilie J. Abram
    • , Jacqueline Austermann
    • , Victor Brovkin
    • , Emilie Capron
    • , Daniele Colombaroli
    • , Anne-Laure Daniau
    • , Kelsey A. Dyez
    • , Thomas Felis
    • , Sarah A. Finkelstein
    • , Samuel L. Jaccard
    • , Erin L. McClymont
    • , Alessio Rovere
    • , Johannes Sutter
    • , Eric W. Wolff
    • , Stéphane Affolter
    • , Pepijn Bakker
    • , Juan Antonio Ballesteros-Cánovas
    • , Carlo Barbante
    • , Thibaut Caley
    • , Anders E. Carlson
    • , Olga Churakova (Sidorova)
    • , Giuseppe Cortese
    • , Brian F. Cumming
    • , Basil A. S. Davis
    • , Anne de Vernal
    • , Julien Emile-Geay
    • , Sherilyn C. Fritz
    • , Paul Gierz
    • , Julia Gottschalk
    • , Max D. Holloway
    • , Fortunat Joos
    • , Michal Kucera
    • , Marie-France Loutre
    • , Daniel J. Lunt
    • , Katarzyna Marcisz
    • , Jennifer R. Marlon
    • , Philippe Martinez
    • , Valerie Masson-Delmotte
    • , Christoph Nehrbass-Ahles
    • , Bette L. Otto-Bliesner
    • , Christoph C. Raible
    • , Bjørg Risebrobakken
    • , María F. Sánchez Goñi
    • , Jennifer Saleem Arrigo
    • , Michael Sarnthein
    • , Jesper Sjolte
    • , Thomas F. Stocker
    • , Patricio A. Velasquez Alvárez
    • , Willy Tinner
    • , Paul J. Valdes
    • , Hendrik Vogel
    • , Heinz Wanner
    • , Qing Yan
    • , Zicheng Yu
    • , Martin Ziegler
    •  & Liping Zhou
  • News & Views |

    Plants influence geomorphology. Research on salt marshes suggests that feedbacks between geomorphic processes and life-history traits of plants produce species-specific signatures in the organization of biogeomorphic landscapes.

    • Dov Corenblit
  • News & Views |

    There was minimal cooling in the North Atlantic Ocean during the Oligocene inception of the Antarctic ice sheet, according to a sediment record. This finding suggests asynchronous climate changes in the Northern and Southern hemispheres.

    • Timothy Herbert
  • Article |

    Fast-colonizing plants stabilize wetland landscapes, whereas slow-colonizing plants promote channel formation according to biogeomorphic model simulations and field observations.

    • Christian Schwarz
    • , Olivier Gourgue
    • , Jim van Belzen
    • , Zhenchang Zhu
    • , Tjeerd J. Bouma
    • , Johan van de Koppel
    • , Gerben Ruessink
    • , Nicolas Claude
    •  & Stijn Temmerman
  • News & Views |

    Much of the carbon in rivers originates from wildfires and is ultimately buried in the oceanic carbon sink, suggest measurements from 18 rivers globally. Rivers transport almost a gigaton of carbon to the oceans every year.

    • Lars J. Tranvik
  • Article |

    Particulate black carbon in rivers can have ages of up to 17,000 14C years before it is sequestered in the oceans, according to an inventory of particulate black carbon in 18 rivers across the globe.

    • Alysha I. Coppola
    • , Daniel B. Wiedemeier
    • , Valier Galy
    • , Negar Haghipour
    • , Ulrich M. Hanke
    • , Gabriela S. Nascimento
    • , Muhammed Usman
    • , Thomas M. Blattmann
    • , Moritz Reisser
    • , Chantal V. Freymond
    • , Meixun Zhao
    • , Britta Voss
    • , Lukas Wacker
    • , Enno Schefuß
    • , Bernhard Peucker-Ehrenbrink
    • , Samuel Abiven
    • , Michael W. I. Schmidt
    •  & Timothy I. Eglinton