Browse Articles

  • Article |

    Incision of the Mekong River that occurred after the uplift of the Tibetan Plateau may have been driven by a period of high monsoon precipitation, as suggested by age data from river bedrock samples and stream profile modelling.

    • Junsheng Nie
    • , Gregory Ruetenik
    • , Kerry Gallagher
    • , Gregory Hoke
    • , Carmala N. Garzione
    • , Weitao Wang
    • , Daniel Stockli
    • , Xiaofei Hu
    • , Zhao Wang
    • , Ying Wang
    • , Thomas Stevens
    • , Martin Danišík
    •  & Shanpin Liu
  • Article |

    Climate variability and volcanic forcing both influenced the latitudinal migration of the tropical belt over the past 800 years, according to an analysis of tree-ring widths in the Northern Hemisphere.

    • R. Alfaro-Sánchez
    • , H. Nguyen
    • , S. Klesse
    • , A. Hudson
    • , S. Belmecheri
    • , N. Köse
    • , H. F. Diaz
    • , R. K. Monson
    • , R. Villalba
    •  & V. Trouet
  • Article |

    Geophysical observations of the 2017 Tehuantepec earthquake suggest that oceanic lithosphere can sustain brittle behaviour and rupture in an earthquake at greater depths than previously assumed.

    • Diego Melgar
    • , Angel Ruiz-Angulo
    • , Emmanuel Soliman Garcia
    • , Marina Manea
    • , Vlad. C. Manea
    • , Xiaohua Xu
    • , M. Teresa Ramirez-Herrera
    • , Jorge Zavala-Hidalgo
    • , Jianghui Geng
    • , Nestor Corona
    • , Xyoli Pérez-Campos
    • , Enrique Cabral-Cano
    •  & Leonardo Ramirez-Guzmán
  • Review Article |

    Species richness in mountain environments is linked to mountain-building and climatic processes, an integration of geological, climatic, and biological datasets reveals.

    • Alexandre Antonelli
    • , W. Daniel Kissling
    • , Suzette G. A. Flantua
    • , Mauricio A. Bermúdez
    • , Andreas Mulch
    • , Alexandra N. Muellner-Riehl
    • , Holger Kreft
    • , H. Peter Linder
    • , Catherine Badgley
    • , Jon Fjeldså
    • , Susanne A. Fritz
    • , Carsten Rahbek
    • , Frédéric Herman
    • , Henry Hooghiemstra
    •  & Carina Hoorn
  • News & Views |

    Ice buried deep within the ice sheet on Antarctica preserves clues to past climatic change dating back more than a million years. A recent workshop discussed the challenges — and hopes — of drilling to these buried treasures.

    • Dorthe Dahl-Jensen
  • Editorial |

    Increasing numbers of geoscientists are nurturing an online presence. Nature Geoscience explores the potential benefits of taking your professional life online.

  • News & Views |

    While anthropogenic influence on global climate is clear, human impact on the Southern Ocean has been difficult to pin down. A new detection and attribution study achieves just that.

    • Nathaniel L. Bindoff
  • Review Article |

    The abundance of microorganisms in the continental subsurface may have been overestimated, according to a review compilation of data from subsurface localities around the globe.

    • C. Magnabosco
    • , L.-H. Lin
    • , H. Dong
    • , M. Bomberg
    • , W. Ghiorse
    • , H. Stan-Lotter
    • , K. Pedersen
    • , T. L. Kieft
    • , E. van Heerden
    •  & T. C. Onstott
  • Article |

    Saturn’s moon Titan may have an active dust cycle in equatorial regions driven by storm winds, Cassini observations consistent with dust suspension in Titan’s atmosphere suggest.

    • S. Rodriguez
    • , S. Le Mouélic
    • , J. W. Barnes
    • , J. F. Kok
    • , S. C. R. Rafkin
    • , R. D. Lorenz
    • , B. Charnay
    • , J. Radebaugh
    • , C. Narteau
    • , T. Cornet
    • , O. Bourgeois
    • , A. Lucas
    • , P. Rannou
    • , C. A. Griffith
    • , A. Coustenis
    • , T. Appéré
    • , M. Hirtzig
    • , C. Sotin
    • , J. M. Soderblom
    • , R. H. Brown
    • , J. Bow
    • , G. Vixie
    • , L. Maltagliati
    • , S. Courrech du Pont
    • , R. Jaumann
    • , K. Stephan
    • , K. H. Baines
    • , B. J. Buratti
    • , R. N. Clark
    •  & P. D. Nicholson
  • Article |

    Crustal structures are as important as deep mantle melting in controlling magma ascent and the composition and distribution of erupted material, according to 3D resistivity modelling, geophysical data and the distribution of Quaternary volcanism.

    • Paul A. Bedrosian
    • , Jared R. Peacock
    • , Esteban Bowles-Martinez
    • , Adam Schultz
    •  & Graham J. Hill
  • News & Views |

    The Laurentide Ice Sheet sapped the strength of the North American monsoon during the last ice age, but the ice sheet’s grip on the monsoon weakened as it retreated northwards.

    • Sarah E. Metcalfe
  • Article |

    Rivers in the Western Siberian Lowland, the world’s largest peatland, play a significant role in the release of terrestrial carbon to the atmosphere, according to in situ measurements of carbon dioxide emissions from rivers.

    • S. Serikova
    • , O. S. Pokrovsky
    • , P. Ala-Aho
    • , V. Kazantsev
    • , S. N. Kirpotin
    • , S. G. Kopysov
    • , I. V. Krickov
    • , H. Laudon
    • , R. M. Manasypov
    • , L. S. Shirokova
    • , C. Soulsby
    • , D. Tetzlaff
    •  & J. Karlsson
  • Article |

    The intensity of the North American summer monsoon was modified by changes in the extent of the Laurentide Ice Sheet during the Last Glacial Maximum and subsequent deglaciation, according to isotope records and numerical simulations.

    • Tripti Bhattacharya
    • , Jessica E. Tierney
    • , Jason A. Addison
    •  & James W. Murray
  • Article |

    Arc volcanism emits higher metal fluxes to Earth’s atmosphere than hotspot volcanism. The systems’ unique gas compositions are controlled by magmatic water content and redox state, as shown by a compilation of volcanic gas and aerosol metal data.

    • Marie Edmonds
    • , Tamsin A. Mather
    •  & Emma J. Liu
  • Editorial |

    As Peer Review Week approaches, Nature Geoscience takes the opportunity to thank its peer reviewers and contemplate how their vital work can be better supported.

  • Comment |

    Field work is an important and valued part of geoscience research, but can also serve as a source of stress. Careful planning can help support the mental health and wellness of participants at all career stages.

    • Cédric Michaël John
    •  & Saira Bano Khan
  • Article |

    Droughts can lead to large-scale decline in net CO2 uptake and increased water-use efficiency by plants, according to global analyses of atmospheric carbon isotope data from 2001 to 2011. This suggests that current climate models may underestimate carbon–drought feedbacks.

    • Wouter Peters
    • , Ivar R. van der Velde
    • , Erik van Schaik
    • , John B. Miller
    • , Philippe Ciais
    • , Henrique F. Duarte
    • , Ingrid T. van der Laan-Luijkx
    • , Michiel K. van der Molen
    • , Marko Scholze
    • , Kevin Schaefer
    • , Pier Luigi Vidale
    • , Anne Verhoef
    • , David Wårlind
    • , Dan Zhu
    • , Pieter P. Tans
    • , Bruce Vaughn
    •  & James W. C. White
  • Article |

    Halogens in Siberian xenoliths show that plume–lithosphere interaction controls the volatile content of large igneous provinces. The seawater-derived volatiles, implicated in the end-Permian mass extinction, infiltrated the lithosphere during subduction.

    • Michael W. Broadley
    • , Peter H. Barry
    • , Chris J. Ballentine
    • , Lawrence A. Taylor
    •  & Ray Burgess
  • Article |

    Large earthquakes export significant carbon from mountain forests over millennia, according to analyses of sediments mobilized by earthquake-triggered landslides in New Zealand.

    • Nicole V. Frith
    • , Robert G. Hilton
    • , Jamie D. Howarth
    • , Darren R. Gröcke
    • , Sean J. Fitzsimons
    • , Thomas Croissant
    • , Jin Wang
    • , Erin L. McClymont
    • , Jenny Dahl
    •  & Alexander L. Densmore
  • News & Views |

    Droughts lead to enhanced water-use efficiency and reduced carbon uptake by plants. Global analyses of atmospheric CO2 monitoring data suggest that the scale of the trade-off between water and carbon extends to a biome level.

    • Christopher J. Still
  • Article |

    The onset of seafloor spreading in the northern South China Sea was marked by the rapid onset of magmatism and mantle upwelling, suggests an analysis of International Ocean Discovery Program core material.

    • H. C. Larsen
    • , G. Mohn
    • , M. Nirrengarten
    • , Z. Sun
    • , J. Stock
    • , Z. Jian
    • , A. Klaus
    • , C. A. Alvarez-Zarikian
    • , J. Boaga
    • , S. A. Bowden
    • , A. Briais
    • , Y. Chen
    • , D. Cukur
    • , K. Dadd
    • , W. Ding
    • , M. Dorais
    • , E. C. Ferré
    • , F. Ferreira
    • , A. Furusawa
    • , A. Gewecke
    • , J. Hinojosa
    • , T. W. Höfig
    • , K. H. Hsiung
    • , B. Huang
    • , E. Huang
    • , X. L. Huang
    • , S. Jiang
    • , H. Jin
    • , B. G. Johnson
    • , R. M. Kurzawski
    • , C. Lei
    • , B. Li
    • , L. Li
    • , Y. Li
    • , J. Lin
    • , C. Liu
    • , C. Liu
    • , Z. Liu
    • , A. J. Luna
    • , C. Lupi
    • , A. McCarthy
    • , L. Ningthoujam
    • , N. Osono
    • , D. W. Peate
    • , P. Persaud
    • , N. Qiu
    • , C. Robinson
    • , S. Satolli
    • , I. Sauermilch
    • , J. C. Schindlbeck
    • , S. Skinner
    • , S. Straub
    • , X. Su
    • , C. Su
    • , L. Tian
    • , F. M. van der Zwan
    • , S. Wan
    • , H. Wu
    • , R. Xiang
    • , R. Yadav
    • , L. Yi
    • , P. S. Yu
    • , C. Zhang
    • , J. Zhang
    • , Y. Zhang
    • , N. Zhao
    • , G. Zhong
    •  & L. Zhong
  • Article |

    Accelerated storage of terrestrial carbon during the slow warming period (1998–2012) can be predominantly attributed to lower land-use emissions due to decreased tropical forest loss and increased afforestation in the northern temperate regions.

    • Shilong Piao
    • , Mengtian Huang
    • , Zhuo Liu
    • , Xuhui Wang
    • , Philippe Ciais
    • , Josep G. Canadell
    • , Kai Wang
    • , Ana Bastos
    • , Pierre Friedlingstein
    • , Richard A. Houghton
    • , Corinne Le Quéré
    • , Yongwen Liu
    • , Ranga B. Myneni
    • , Shushi Peng
    • , Julia Pongratz
    • , Stephen Sitch
    • , Tao Yan
    • , Yilong Wang
    • , Zaichun Zhu
    • , Donghai Wu
    •  & Tao Wang
  • Article |

    Earth’s oldest known felsic rocks formed by partial melting at low pressures and high temperatures caused by impact melting of mafic Hadean crust, according to phase equilibria and trace element modelling.

    • Tim E. Johnson
    • , Nicholas J. Gardiner
    • , Katarina Miljković
    • , Christopher J. Spencer
    • , Christopher L. Kirkland
    • , Phil A. Bland
    •  & Hugh Smithies
  • Review Article |

    Robust evidence for a previously proposed sea-level fall and rise during the Last Interglacial is lacking, according to a synthesis. This calls estimates of high rates of sea-level rise at the end of the Last Interglacial into question.

    • Natasha L. M. Barlow
    • , Erin L. McClymont
    • , Pippa L. Whitehouse
    • , Chris R. Stokes
    • , Stewart S. R. Jamieson
    • , Sarah A. Woodroffe
    • , Michael J. Bentley
    • , S. Louise Callard
    • , Colm Ó Cofaigh
    • , David J. A. Evans
    • , Jennifer R. Horrocks
    • , Jerry M. Lloyd
    • , Antony J. Long
    • , Martin Margold
    • , David H. Roberts
    •  & Maria L. Sanchez-Montes