Browse Articles

  • Article |

    In relatively cold subducted slabs, olivine may transform to finer-grained, weaker ringwoodite than in warm slabs, according to deformation experiments under conditions analogous to those in the mantle transition zone and scaling analysis.

    • Anwar Mohiuddin
    • , Shun-ichiro Karato
    •  & Jennifer Girard
  • Article |

    Dunes in the world’s big rivers are dominated by lee-side slopes with angles of less than 10°, according to a bedform analysis of high-resolution bathymetric datasets.

    • Julia Cisneros
    • , Jim Best
    • , Thaiënne van Dijk
    • , Renato Paes de Almeida
    • , Mario Amsler
    • , Justin Boldt
    • , Bernardo Freitas
    • , Cristiano Galeazzi
    • , Richard Huizinga
    • , Marco Ianniruberto
    • , Hongbo Ma
    • , Jeffrey A. Nittrouer
    • , Kevin Oberg
    • , Oscar Orfeo
    • , Dan Parsons
    • , Ricardo Szupiany
    • , Ping Wang
    •  & Yuanfeng Zhang
  • Article |

    The chemical diversity of Earth’s early continental building blocks can be explained by differentiation of a single melt, without complex geodynamic settings, according to petrological and geochemical analysis of samples from South Africa.

    • Oscar Laurent
    • , Jana Björnsen
    • , Jörn-Frederik Wotzlaw
    • , Simone Bretscher
    • , Manuel Pimenta Silva
    • , Jean-François Moyen
    • , Peter Ulmer
    •  & Olivier Bachmann
  • Article |

    Compensation of the effects of salt and temperature changes on water density in the Labrador Sea can explain the minimal response of the Atlantic overturning circulation to convection, according to analyses of observations and reanalysis data.

    • Sijia Zou
    • , M. Susan Lozier
    • , Feili Li
    • , Ryan Abernathey
    •  & Laura Jackson
  • Article |

    Methane release rate from Arctic Ocean sediments in winter is significantly lower than in summer, according to surveys of cold-seep activity along the shelf break offshore Svalbard.

    • Bénédicte Ferré
    • , Pär G. Jansson
    • , Manuel Moser
    • , Pavel Serov
    • , Alexey Portnov
    • , Carolyn A. Graves
    • , Giuliana Panieri
    • , Friederike Gründger
    • , Christian Berndt
    • , Moritz F. Lehmann
    •  & Helge Niemann
  • Article |

    Rapid oceanic and atmospheric circulation shifts led to a transient peak in the mean temperature of the ocean at the start of the Last Interglacial, according to noble gas isotope records from an Antarctic ice core.

    • S. Shackleton
    • , D. Baggenstos
    • , J. A. Menking
    • , M. N. Dyonisius
    • , B. Bereiter
    • , T. K. Bauska
    • , R. H. Rhodes
    • , E. J. Brook
    • , V. V. Petrenko
    • , J. R. McConnell
    • , T. Kellerhals
    • , M. Häberli
    • , J. Schmitt
    • , H. Fischer
    •  & J. P. Severinghaus
  • Perspective |

    Glaciers in the Karakoram region, with their balanced or slightly positive mass balance, stand out from global glacier shrinkage, but this anomaly is not expected to persist in the long term, according to an overview of the possible explanations.

    • Daniel Farinotti
    • , Walter W. Immerzeel
    • , Remco J. de Kok
    • , Duncan J. Quincey
    •  & Amaury Dehecq
  • Article |

    Subsurface iron-oxidizing bacteria are sustained by intermittent oxygen delivery through rock fracture networks, according to biological and geochemical analyses of borehole fluids combined with a fluid mixing model.

    • Olivier Bochet
    • , Lorine Bethencourt
    • , Alexis Dufresne
    • , Julien Farasin
    • , Mathieu Pédrot
    • , Thierry Labasque
    • , Eliot Chatton
    • , Nicolas Lavenant
    • , Christophe Petton
    • , Benjamin W. Abbott
    • , Luc Aquilina
    •  & Tanguy Le Borgne
  • News & Views |

    Strengthening and poleward movement of the Southern Westerlies, and increased melting of the Antarctic ice sheet play a primary role in changes observed in the Southern Ocean over the past few decades, according to measurements and modelling.

    • Alessandro Silvano
  • News & Views |

    Differential cycling of carbonate and organic carbon in the mantle may link the Great Oxidation Event and the subsequent increase in carbon isotope values, according to a model that links the Earth’s surface and interior.

    • Jeremy K. Caves Rugenstein
  • Article |

    Physical and biogeochemical changes in the Southern Ocean over the past decade are largely due to growing meltwater input and intensifying poleward winds, according to observations from ships and floats and model simulations.

    • Ben Bronselaer
    • , Joellen L. Russell
    • , Michael Winton
    • , Nancy L. Williams
    • , Robert M. Key
    • , John P. Dunne
    • , Richard A. Feely
    • , Kenneth S. Johnson
    •  & Jorge L. Sarmiento
  • Article |

    Recent seismicity near Mayotte in the Indian Ocean is due to dyke propagation from and drainage of a 25–35 km deep magma reservoir, according to an analysis of earthquake and deformation data.

    • Simone Cesca
    • , Jean Letort
    • , Hoby N. T. Razafindrakoto
    • , Sebastian Heimann
    • , Eleonora Rivalta
    • , Marius P. Isken
    • , Mehdi Nikkhoo
    • , Luigi Passarelli
    • , Gesa M. Petersen
    • , Fabrice Cotton
    •  & Torsten Dahm
  • Article |

    A discrete block of thick ancient crust revealed by a crustal reconstruction suggests a complex geologic history for the southern highlands of Mars.

    • Sylvain Bouley
    • , James Tuttle Keane
    • , David Baratoux
    • , Benoit Langlais
    • , Isamu Matsuyama
    • , Francois Costard
    • , Roger Hewins
    • , Valerie Payré
    • , Violaine Sautter
    • , Antoine Séjourné
    • , Olivier Vanderhaeghe
    •  & Brigitte Zanda
  • Article |

    Interannual variations of long-lived trace gas mole fractions at the Earth’s surface are primarily driven by the stratospheric Quasi-Biennial Oscillation, according to surface measurements and model simulations. Ignoring this variability may induce errors in estimating emissions of trace gases.

    • Eric A. Ray
    • , Robert W. Portmann
    • , Pengfei Yu
    • , John Daniel
    • , Stephen A. Montzka
    • , Geoffrey S. Dutton
    • , Brad D. Hall
    • , Fred L. Moore
    •  & Karen H. Rosenlof
  • Article |

    Two intervals of distinctly lower Indian Ocean sea level during the last two millennia occurred during times of relatively low incoming solar radiation, according to an analysis of U–Th dated coral microatolls in the Maldives.

    • Paul S. Kench
    • , Roger F. McLean
    • , Susan D. Owen
    • , Emma Ryan
    • , Kyle M Morgan
    • , Lin Ke
    • , Xianfeng Wang
    •  & Keven Roy
  • Article |

    High extinction intensity during Late Ordovician but not Cenozoic transitions to glacial conditions can be attributed to both temperature and palaeogeography, according to analysis combining climate models and simulations of virtual species.

    • Erin E. Saupe
    • , Huijie Qiao
    • , Yannick Donnadieu
    • , Alexander Farnsworth
    • , Alan T. Kennedy-Asser
    • , Jean-Baptiste Ladant
    • , Daniel J. Lunt
    • , Alexandre Pohl
    • , Paul Valdes
    •  & Seth Finnegan
  • Article |

    Ocean acidification in the California Current Ecosystem was twice the global average during the past century and influenced by decadal climate variations, according to a record of the calcification rate of planktonic foraminifera from the Santa Barbara Basin.

    • Emily B. Osborne
    • , Robert C. Thunell
    • , Nicolas Gruber
    • , Richard A. Feely
    •  & Claudia R. Benitez-Nelson
  • Comment |

    Geoscientists in the United States are predominantly White. Progress towards diversification can only come with a concerted shift in mindsets and a deeper understanding of the complexities of race.

    • Kuheli Dutt
  • Article |

    A high-resolution update of Antarctic bed topography using mass conservation reveals broad stabilizing ridges for glaciers flowing across the Transantarctic Mountains, and stabilizing slopes beneath Moscow University, Totten and Lambert glacier system.

    • Mathieu Morlighem
    • , Eric Rignot
    • , Tobias Binder
    • , Donald Blankenship
    • , Reinhard Drews
    • , Graeme Eagles
    • , Olaf Eisen
    • , Fausto Ferraccioli
    • , René Forsberg
    • , Peter Fretwell
    • , Vikram Goel
    • , Jamin S. Greenbaum
    • , Hilmar Gudmundsson
    • , Jingxue Guo
    • , Veit Helm
    • , Coen Hofstede
    • , Ian Howat
    • , Angelika Humbert
    • , Wilfried Jokat
    • , Nanna B. Karlsson
    • , Won Sang Lee
    • , Kenichi Matsuoka
    • , Romain Millan
    • , Jeremie Mouginot
    • , John Paden
    • , Frank Pattyn
    • , Jason Roberts
    • , Sebastian Rosier
    • , Antonia Ruppel
    • , Helene Seroussi
    • , Emma C. Smith
    • , Daniel Steinhage
    • , Bo Sun
    • , Michiel R. van den Broeke
    • , Tas D. van Ommen
    • , Melchior van Wessem
    •  & Duncan A. Young
  • Article |

    Deep-reaching, small-scale oceanic fronts can drive upward heat transport from the ocean interior to the surface in eddy-rich regions, suggest satellite and in situ observations of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current.

    • Lia Siegelman
    • , Patrice Klein
    • , Pascal Rivière
    • , Andrew F. Thompson
    • , Hector S. Torres
    • , Mar Flexas
    •  & Dimitris Menemenlis
  • Article |

    River meanders migrate much faster in barren than in vegetated landscapes, according to global analyses of active meander migration of both unvegetated and vegetated rivers. The difference in migration rates suggests that the rise of land plants had a significant influence on landscapes.

    • Alessandro Ielpi
    •  & Mathieu G. A. Lapôtre
  • Editorial |

    With public demand for reproducible science comes a mandate to researchers to ensure their methods are transparent and their data accessible. Nature Geoscience supports these efforts.

  • Perspective |

    Different methods for determining global mean temperature change are preferable for different purposes, such as estimating carbon budgets versus consistency with the achievement of the Paris Agreement, argues a Perspective that outlines methodological choices and recommends decision pathways.

    • Katarzyna B. Tokarska
    • , Carl-Friedrich Schleussner
    • , Joeri Rogelj
    • , Martin B. Stolpe
    • , H. Damon Matthews
    • , Peter Pfleiderer
    •  & Nathan P. Gillett
  • Article |

    Internal waves can relieve coral reef heat stress, according to an analysis that isolates the effect at different depths using a compilation of high-resolution temperature records.

    • Alex S. J. Wyatt
    • , James J. Leichter
    • , Lauren T. Toth
    • , Toshihiro Miyajima
    • , Richard B. Aronson
    •  & Toshi Nagata
  • Article |

    Land management strategies for enhancing soil carbon sequestration need to be tailored to different soil types, depending on how much organic matter is stored in pools of mineral-associated and particulate organic matter, suggests an analysis of soil organic matter across Europe.

    • M. Francesca Cotrufo
    • , Maria Giovanna Ranalli
    • , Michelle L. Haddix
    • , Johan Six
    •  & Emanuele Lugato
  • Article |

    Distinct dependence of atmospheric SO42 formation on NOx levels in haze-fog events is revealed by SO42 production isopleths that are obtained through simulations of atmospheric chemistry with a box model.

    • Jian Xue
    • , Xin Yu
    • , Zibing Yuan
    • , Stephen M. Griffith
    • , Alexis K. H. Lau
    • , John H. Seinfeld
    •  & Jian Zhen Yu
  • Article |

    The path of the river Nile has been stable for as long as 30 million years, sustained by mantle convection, according to geophysical and geological evidence and geodynamic model simulations.

    • Claudio Faccenna
    • , Petar Glišović
    • , Alessandro Forte
    • , Thorsten W. Becker
    • , Eduardo Garzanti
    • , Andrea Sembroni
    •  & Zohar Gvirtzman
  • Article |

    A large, deep reservoir of asthenosphere flows eastward from the Réunion hotspot and interacts with the Indian spreading ridge, suggests seismological imaging.

    • G. Barruol
    • , K. Sigloch
    • , J.-R. Scholz
    • , A. Mazzullo
    • , E. Stutzmann
    • , J.-P. Montagner
    • , S. Kiselev
    • , F. R. Fontaine
    • , L. Michon
    • , C. Deplus
    •  & J. Dyment
  • Editorial |

    The first issue of Nature was published 150 years ago, on the 4th of November 1869. In celebration of the anniversary, we highlight some of our favourite geoscience stories from the archives.

  • Matters Arising |

    • A. J. Baird
    • , C. D. Evans
    • , R. Mills
    • , P. J. Morris
    • , S. E. Page
    • , M. Peacock
    • , M. Reed
    • , B. J. M. Robroek
    • , R. Stoneman
    • , G. T. Swindles
    • , T. Thom
    • , J. M. Waddington
    •  & D. M. Young
  • Comment |

    Scientists and policymakers must acknowledge that carbon dioxide removal can be small in scale and still be relevant for climate policy, that it will primarily emerge ‘bottom up’, and that different methods have different governance needs.

    • Rob Bellamy
    •  & Oliver Geden
  • Matters Arising |

    • R. H. Marrs
    • , E.-L. Marsland
    • , R. Lingard
    • , P. G. Appleby
    • , G. T. Piliposyan
    • , R. J. Rose
    • , J. O’Reilly
    • , G. Milligan
    • , K. A. Allen
    • , J. G. Alday
    • , V. Santana
    • , H. Lee
    • , K. Halsall
    •  & R. C. Chiverrell
  • Article |

    Atmospheric rivers associated with blocking events are related to a large fraction of the surface ice melt events in West Antarctica, suggest observation-based analyses of atmospheric dynamics and West Antarctic surface melt.

    • Jonathan D. Wille
    • , Vincent Favier
    • , Ambroise Dufour
    • , Irina V. Gorodetskaya
    • , John Turner
    • , Cécile Agosta
    •  & Francis Codron
  • Article |

    Regeneration efficiencies of dissolved iron in the mesopelagic zone vary significantly across the oceans, largely depending on particulate composition, according to in situ mesopelagic experiments.

    • M. Bressac
    • , C. Guieu
    • , M. J. Ellwood
    • , A. Tagliabue
    • , T. Wagener
    • , E. C. Laurenceau-Cornec
    • , H. Whitby
    • , G. Sarthou
    •  & P. W. Boyd
  • Comment |

    Governments disagree even on the current state of climate change engineering governance, as became clear at the 2019 United Nations Environment Assembly negotiations. They must develop mechanisms to provide policy-relevant knowledge, clarify uncertainties and head off potential distributional impacts.

    • Sikina Jinnah
    •  & Simon Nicholson