Browse Articles

  • Article |

    Deep-reaching, small-scale oceanic fronts can drive upward heat transport from the ocean interior to the surface in eddy-rich regions, suggest satellite and in situ observations of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current.

    • Lia Siegelman
    • , Patrice Klein
    • , Pascal Rivière
    • , Andrew F. Thompson
    • , Hector S. Torres
    • , Mar Flexas
    •  & Dimitris Menemenlis
  • Article |

    River meanders migrate much faster in barren than in vegetated landscapes, according to global analyses of active meander migration of both unvegetated and vegetated rivers. The difference in migration rates suggests that the rise of land plants had a significant influence on landscapes.

    • Alessandro Ielpi
    •  & Mathieu G. A. Lapôtre
  • Editorial |

    With public demand for reproducible science comes a mandate to researchers to ensure their methods are transparent and their data accessible. Nature Geoscience supports these efforts.

  • Perspective |

    Different methods for determining global mean temperature change are preferable for different purposes, such as estimating carbon budgets versus consistency with the achievement of the Paris Agreement, argues a Perspective that outlines methodological choices and recommends decision pathways.

    • Katarzyna B. Tokarska
    • , Carl-Friedrich Schleussner
    • , Joeri Rogelj
    • , Martin B. Stolpe
    • , H. Damon Matthews
    • , Peter Pfleiderer
    •  & Nathan P. Gillett
  • Article |

    Internal waves can relieve coral reef heat stress, according to an analysis that isolates the effect at different depths using a compilation of high-resolution temperature records.

    • Alex S. J. Wyatt
    • , James J. Leichter
    • , Lauren T. Toth
    • , Toshihiro Miyajima
    • , Richard B. Aronson
    •  & Toshi Nagata
  • Article |

    Land management strategies for enhancing soil carbon sequestration need to be tailored to different soil types, depending on how much organic matter is stored in pools of mineral-associated and particulate organic matter, suggests an analysis of soil organic matter across Europe.

    • M. Francesca Cotrufo
    • , Maria Giovanna Ranalli
    • , Michelle L. Haddix
    • , Johan Six
    •  & Emanuele Lugato
  • Article |

    Distinct dependence of atmospheric SO42 formation on NOx levels in haze-fog events is revealed by SO42 production isopleths that are obtained through simulations of atmospheric chemistry with a box model.

    • Jian Xue
    • , Xin Yu
    • , Zibing Yuan
    • , Stephen M. Griffith
    • , Alexis K. H. Lau
    • , John H. Seinfeld
    •  & Jian Zhen Yu
  • Article |

    The path of the river Nile has been stable for as long as 30 million years, sustained by mantle convection, according to geophysical and geological evidence and geodynamic model simulations.

    • Claudio Faccenna
    • , Petar Glišović
    • , Alessandro Forte
    • , Thorsten W. Becker
    • , Eduardo Garzanti
    • , Andrea Sembroni
    •  & Zohar Gvirtzman
  • Article |

    A large, deep reservoir of asthenosphere flows eastward from the Réunion hotspot and interacts with the Indian spreading ridge, suggests seismological imaging.

    • G. Barruol
    • , K. Sigloch
    • , J.-R. Scholz
    • , A. Mazzullo
    • , E. Stutzmann
    • , J.-P. Montagner
    • , S. Kiselev
    • , F. R. Fontaine
    • , L. Michon
    • , C. Deplus
    •  & J. Dyment
  • Editorial |

    The first issue of Nature was published 150 years ago, on the 4th of November 1869. In celebration of the anniversary, we highlight some of our favourite geoscience stories from the archives.

  • Matters Arising |

    • A. J. Baird
    • , C. D. Evans
    • , R. Mills
    • , P. J. Morris
    • , S. E. Page
    • , M. Peacock
    • , M. Reed
    • , B. J. M. Robroek
    • , R. Stoneman
    • , G. T. Swindles
    • , T. Thom
    • , J. M. Waddington
    •  & D. M. Young
  • Comment |

    Scientists and policymakers must acknowledge that carbon dioxide removal can be small in scale and still be relevant for climate policy, that it will primarily emerge ‘bottom up’, and that different methods have different governance needs.

    • Rob Bellamy
    •  & Oliver Geden
  • Matters Arising |

    • R. H. Marrs
    • , E.-L. Marsland
    • , R. Lingard
    • , P. G. Appleby
    • , G. T. Piliposyan
    • , R. J. Rose
    • , J. O’Reilly
    • , G. Milligan
    • , K. A. Allen
    • , J. G. Alday
    • , V. Santana
    • , H. Lee
    • , K. Halsall
    •  & R. C. Chiverrell
  • Article |

    Atmospheric rivers associated with blocking events are related to a large fraction of the surface ice melt events in West Antarctica, suggest observation-based analyses of atmospheric dynamics and West Antarctic surface melt.

    • Jonathan D. Wille
    • , Vincent Favier
    • , Ambroise Dufour
    • , Irina V. Gorodetskaya
    • , John Turner
    • , Cécile Agosta
    •  & Francis Codron
  • Article |

    Regeneration efficiencies of dissolved iron in the mesopelagic zone vary significantly across the oceans, largely depending on particulate composition, according to in situ mesopelagic experiments.

    • M. Bressac
    • , C. Guieu
    • , M. J. Ellwood
    • , A. Tagliabue
    • , T. Wagener
    • , E. C. Laurenceau-Cornec
    • , H. Whitby
    • , G. Sarthou
    •  & P. W. Boyd
  • Comment |

    Governments disagree even on the current state of climate change engineering governance, as became clear at the 2019 United Nations Environment Assembly negotiations. They must develop mechanisms to provide policy-relevant knowledge, clarify uncertainties and head off potential distributional impacts.

    • Sikina Jinnah
    •  & Simon Nicholson
  • News & Views |

    Tectonic tremor may ultimately be caused by in situ fluid overpressure generated by chemical reactions between a subducting slab and the mantle, according to field and microstructural observations of a shear zone.

    • Kohtaro Ujiie
  • Article |

    Volcanoes that typically erupt effusively can generate highly explosive eruptions of basaltic lava under specific temperature and viscosity conditions, suggest crystallization experiments combined with numerical models of magma fragmentation.

    • Fabio Arzilli
    • , Giuseppe La Spina
    • , Mike R. Burton
    • , Margherita Polacci
    • , Nolwenn Le Gall
    • , Margaret E. Hartley
    • , Danilo Di Genova
    • , Biao Cai
    • , Nghia T. Vo
    • , Emily C. Bamber
    • , Sara Nonni
    • , Robert Atwood
    • , Edward W. Llewellin
    • , Richard A. Brooker
    • , Heidy M. Mader
    •  & Peter D. Lee
  • News & Views |

    Northern peatlands store over 1,000 Gt of carbon, almost double previous estimates, according to a new analysis of peat core data. The fate of this peat carbon, however, is uncertain in a rapidly changing world.

    • Matthew J. Amesbury
    • , Angela Gallego-Sala
    •  & Julie Loisel
  • Article |

    Pervasive drying over the last few centuries has reduced carbon storage in European peatlands, the result of climate change and human impacts, according to a continent-wide compilation of hydrological records derived from testate amoeba.

    • Graeme T. Swindles
    • , Paul J. Morris
    • , Donal J. Mullan
    • , Richard J. Payne
    • , Thomas P. Roland
    • , Matthew J. Amesbury
    • , Mariusz Lamentowicz
    • , T. Edward Turner
    • , Angela Gallego-Sala
    • , Thomas Sim
    • , Iestyn D. Barr
    • , Maarten Blaauw
    • , Antony Blundell
    • , Frank M. Chambers
    • , Dan J. Charman
    • , Angelica Feurdean
    • , Jennifer M. Galloway
    • , Mariusz Gałka
    • , Sophie M. Green
    • , Katarzyna Kajukało
    • , Edgar Karofeld
    • , Atte Korhola
    • , Łukasz Lamentowicz
    • , Peter Langdon
    • , Katarzyna Marcisz
    • , Dmitri Mauquoy
    • , Yuri A. Mazei
    • , Michelle M. McKeown
    • , Edward A. D. Mitchell
    • , Elena Novenko
    • , Gill Plunkett
    • , Helen M. Roe
    • , Kristian Schoning
    • , Ülle Sillasoo
    • , Andrey N. Tsyganov
    • , Marjolein van der Linden
    • , Minna Väliranta
    •  & Barry Warner
  • Article |

    Southern Ocean surface waters near Australia emerged as a major source of CO2 during the last deglaciation due to shifting ecology and circulation, according a proxy record of seawater pH based on boron isotopes covering the past 25,000 years.

    • Andrew D. Moy
    • , Martin R. Palmer
    • , William R. Howard
    • , Jelle Bijma
    • , Matthew J. Cooper
    • , Eva Calvo
    • , Carles Pelejero
    • , Michael K. Gagan
    •  & Thomas B. Chalk
  • Article |

    During the submarine eruption of gas-rich magma into shallow water, a gas-tight seal forms, breaks and reseals, a process that results in violent explosions and the release of large gas bubbles, suggest low-frequency sound data from Bogoslof volcano, Alaska.

    • John J. Lyons
    • , Matthew M. Haney
    • , David Fee
    • , Aaron G. Wech
    •  & Christopher F. Waythomas
  • Article |

    Observations confirm that cleaning up fine particulate matter in the North China Plain has exacerbated ozone pollution, suggesting that both NOx and VOC emissions need to be reduced to improve air quality.

    • Ke Li
    • , Daniel J. Jacob
    • , Hong Liao
    • , Jia Zhu
    • , Viral Shah
    • , Lu Shen
    • , Kelvin H. Bates
    • , Qiang Zhang
    •  & Shixian Zhai
  • Article |

    Brines from evaporation of a lake in Gale crater on Mars are inferred from bulk enrichments of Ca- and Mg-sulfates in Hesperian sedimentary rocks, identified by geochemical analyses and observations by NASA’s rover Curiosity.

    • W. Rapin
    • , B. L. Ehlmann
    • , G. Dromart
    • , J. Schieber
    • , N. H. Thomas
    • , W. W. Fischer
    • , V. K. Fox
    • , N. T. Stein
    • , M. Nachon
    • , B. C. Clark
    • , L. C. Kah
    • , L. Thompson
    • , H. A. Meyer
    • , T. S. J. Gabriel
    • , C. Hardgrove
    • , N. Mangold
    • , F. Rivera-Hernandez
    • , R. C. Wiens
    •  & A. R. Vasavada
  • Article |

    Hot and dry climate extremes in Australia are linked to stratospheric polar vortex weakening, with potential implications for their predictability, according to statistical analyses of observational data from the past 40 years.

    • Eun-Pa Lim
    • , Harry H. Hendon
    • , Ghyslaine Boschat
    • , Debra Hudson
    • , David W. J. Thompson
    • , Andrew J. Dowdy
    •  & Julie M. Arblaster
  • News & Views |

    Wet rice cultivation in the Palu Valley, Indonesia, prepared the ground for the devastating liquefaction-induced landslides that were triggered by the Mw 7.5 earthquake in 2018, suggest two studies of the spatial relationship between landslide morphology and irrigation.

    • Phil R. Cummins
  • Article |

    Domes on the dwarf planet Ceres could form by solid-state flow of low-density, ice-rich parts of its crust—a process analogous to salt doming on Earth—according to numerical simulations.

    • M. T. Bland
    • , D. L. Buczkowski
    • , H. G. Sizemore
    • , A. I. Ermakov
    • , S. D. King
    • , M. M. Sori
    • , C. A. Raymond
    • , J. C. Castillo-Rogez
    •  & C. T. Russell
  • News & Views |

    The large domes found on the dwarf planet Ceres may not result from cryovolcanism, but from solid-state flow analogous to salt doming on Earth, according to numerical simulations of gravitational loading.

    • Michael Küppers
  • Article |

    Aqueduct-supported cultivation of rice resulted in liquefaction of the alluvial soils that led to the landslides triggered by the Palu 2018 earthquake, according to satellite analyses.

    • Kyle Bradley
    • , Rishav Mallick
    • , Harisma Andikagumi
    • , Judith Hubbard
    • , Ella Meilianda
    • , Adam Switzer
    • , Nairong Du
    • , Gilles Brocard
    • , Dedy Alfian
    • , Benazir Benazir
    • , Guangcai Feng
    • , Sang-Ho Yun
    • , Jedrzej Majewski
    • , Shengji Wei
    •  & Emma M. Hill
  • Editorial |

    The geological similarities between icy and rocky worlds invite comparison and cross-fertilization of knowledge.